At John 8:56, Jesus made an interesting statement regarding His appearances to humankind prior to the incarnation. He said to the Jews: “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.” He also alluded to the fact that He was directly involved in Old Testament history when at Luke 24:27: “…beginning with Moses and with all the prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures.” Likewise, at John 5:39-40, Jesus chided the Jews with this statement: “You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; it is these that testify about Me; and you are unwilling to come to Me so that you may have life.” In all their studies of the Old Testament Scriptures, the religious experts of the day missed the whole point of the Scriptures: “For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” (Revelation 19:10) Continue reading “Is Jesus Christ the Angel of the LORD? Appendix – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity”
By Justin T. Alfred, MA 1.
NEW AMERICAN STANDARD
NEW WORLD TRANSLATION
|EXODUS 3:14: “God said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM’; and He said, ‘Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, “I AM has sent me to you.” ’ ”||EXODUS 3:14: “At this, God said to Moses: ‘I SHALL PROVE TO BE WHAT I SHALL PROVE TO BE.’ And he added: ‘This is what you re to say to the sons of Israel, “I SHALL PROVE TO BE has sent me to you.” ’ ”2.|
|JOHN 8:58: “Jesus said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am.’ ”||JOHN 8:58: “Jesus said to them: ‘Most truly I say to YOU, Before Abraham came into existence, I have been.’ ”|
The identity of Jesus’ statement in John 8:58 with God’s revelation of Himself to Moses in Exodus 3:14 is the primary issue of John 8:58. The argument presented by The Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures is as follows: Continue reading “Exodus 3:14 and John 8:58 – The Great “I Am” – Appendix – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”
.:SHOULD WE PRAY DIRECTLY TO JESUS? —If we are encouraged to pray to Jesus, when should we pray to the Father?
“I read the Acts 7:59 verse quoted on your website to support the idea that we can pray directly to Jesus, but I am still unsure about this because I have been taught to pray to Jehovah the Father and not to Jesus the Son. Can you please send me more Scriptures that explain why we can pray to Jesus? Also, if we are supposed to pray directly to Jesus, what do you say about the Lord’s prayer where Jesus taught us to pray saying: ‘Our Father…’ Since Jesus taught us to pray to the Father, why should we pray to Jesus?”
We agree with you that prayer is a form of worship that belongs exclusively to the Jehovah, the true God. Thus, when we see verses like Acts 7:59 where Stephen said: “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit,”1. we conclude that Scripture elevates Jesus to the level of Jehovah God because He not only receives prayer, but He is also worshipped along with the Father (see Revelation 5:11-14). Yet, Jehovah’s Witnesses often argue that this verse at Acts 7:59 does not support the idea of “prayer” because a few verses earlier, Stephen saw Jesus in a vision. They maintain that Stephen was merely talking to Jesus like he would any other being whom would appear to him (as the angel Gabriel that spoke to Daniel in a vision at Daniel 9:21-22). Continue reading “Who Should We Pray To? – The Father or the Son? – Chapter 9 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”
.: Letter from a Jehovah’s Witness – “How Can Anyone Believe Jesus is God?”
I’m one of Jehovah’s Witnesses. Yet, before studying with Jehovah’s Witnesses, I found the Bible to teach that Jesus is not Almighty God, nor part of a Trinity. I don’t see the equality of the Father and Son. The Son was tempted by the Devil (Matthew 4:1), whereas God cannot be tempted by evil (James 1:13). If the Son were God, how could there be any real temptation in offering God something back that He Himself had already given to Satan (Matthew 4:8-9)? The Son doesn’t know the day or hour, only the Father knows (Matthew 24:36). The Son’s will is distinct and can be different from the Father’s will (Matthew 26:39). The Son can only do what He sees the Father do (John 5:19), whereas God can do all things (Matthew 19:26). The Son only has the power and authority “given” to Him by the Father (Matt 28:18), and the Son will relinquish that power in the future (1 Corinthians 15:24-28). Above all, the Son says that the Father is “greater” than him and that his Father is his “God.” If the Son has a God, how can he be God Himself? There is much more I could write, but this is certainly a conviction beyond a reasonable doubt. Isn’t it? May the “King over all [other] gods,” Jehovah bless you. – Psalm 95:3.
Thank you for taking the time to contact us with your conviction that Jesus is not God. It is indeed an admirable task to seek to be a true “witness” of Jehovah by studying to accurately defend the identity of this only true God (John 17:3; 1 John 5:20). Your studious examination of Scripture in this regard is to be commended.
In response to your concerns, let’s start by first discussing what traditional Christians mean when they/we say that “Jesus is God.” We believe that as God (John 1:1), Jesus possesses the full nature of the only true God (Colossians 1:19; 2:9), yet we DO NOT believe that Jesus is the Father. As you correctly note when you mentioned how the Son’s will is distinct from the Father’s will, Scripture makes a clear distinction between the person of the Father and the person of the Son. Continue reading “How Can Anyone Believe Jesus is God?”
.:OUR RESPONSE TO A LETTER FROM A JEHOVAH’S WITNESS ASKING: “WHO ARE YOU? – Are You a Bunch of Apostates Who Don’t Believe Bible Teachings?”
“I’m one of Jehovah’s Witnesses. When I read some of your statements on the website, it made me upset to think that there are really people out there like all of you who talk bad about us. Jehovah’s organization is the Truth, and some of you know that deep down in your hearts. But if this is your choice, I know it certainly will never be my choice. I will always praise and love Jehovah. I would never turn my back on Him and leave. Do you believe you are the true religion? How can you believe you are in the truth if you do not go door-to-door preaching the Kingdom? Are you just a bunch of ‘apostates’ who left the Watchtower because you don’t want to adhere to Bible standards? Do you celebrate pagan holidays, believe in war and the Trinity?” Continue reading “WHO WE ARE – Ex-Jehovah’s Witnesses for Jehovah”
Most objections Jehovah’s Witnesses raise against the Doctrine of the Trinity can be answered by accurately defining the doctrine.
For example, many Jehovah’s Witnesses think that when Christians claim that Jesus is “God,” they are claiming He is the same Person as the Father. This misunderstanding is easily corrected by quoting the Creed of Athanasius, the most authoritative Creed that Christianity has used for centuries to define the Trinity. It demonstrates how the Son is a distinct “Person” from the “Person” of the Father, yet “one God” with the Father:
“For there is one Person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Ghost… So the Father is God, the Son is God: and the Holy Ghost is God. And yet they are not three Gods: but one God.” (View PDF of the Athanasius Creed)
So, when Jesus was praying to the Father, He wasn’t praying to Himself, but to the Person of the Father who is just as much “God” by nature as Jesus is “God.” Another misconception Jehovah’s Witnesses embrace is the idea that since “in this Trinity none is before, or after other: none is greater, or less than other,” Jesus could not have said, “the Father is greater than I” at John 14:28. This objection is easily answered by the following statement found in the Creed: “Equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead: and inferior to the Father, as touching His Manhood.” Thus, many of the occasions where Jesus operated under the limitations of His humanity, the Father was indeed in a “greater” position than He was, but this does not prove that Jesus in His God nature is less “God” than God the Father is “God.” Continue reading “10 Questions for Jehovah’s Witnesses on the Watchtower Trinity Brochure – Chapter 12 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”
1. How many true Gods exist?
- John 17:3: “This means everlasting life, their taking in knowledge of you, the only true God, and of the one whom you sent forth, Jesus Christ.” **
2. Is Satan a true or false God? Do demons believe he is a god?
- 2 Corinthians 4:4: “among whom the god of this system of things has blinded the minds of the unbelievers…”
- James 2:19: “You believe there is one God, do you? You are doing quite well. And yet the demons believe and shudder.”
3. So if demons don’t consider Satan is a real god, why is he called “the god” of this world? Wouldn’t you agree that these beings that are called “gods” are not really gods, but are rather false gods?
- 1 Corinthians 8:5-6: “For even though there are those who are called ‘gods,’ whether in heaven or on earth, just as there are many ‘gods’ and many ‘lords,’ there is actually to us one God the Father … and there is one Lord, Jesus Christ…”
- NOTE: Jehovah’s Witnesses claim to put Jesus in a neutral category of “god” beings that are merely divine, but are not the true God. By demonstrating that Satan is a false “god” because he is worshipped by false religion, and that even his followers, the demons, don’t believe he is a real “god,” this demonstrates that a neutral category of “divine/god” beings that are neither true nor false does not exist. Continue reading “Questions for Jehovah’s Witnesses on the True God and the Trinity – Chapter 13 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”
.:THE TESTIMONY OF BETTY – Shunned for asking questions, Betty left the Watchtower for Jesus
Hungry for spiritual answers when the Jehovah’s Witnesses in her extended family convinced her that they had “the Truth,” she studied for four years and was baptized. Once inside the organization, she began to feel unloved and unaccepted. Why? Was it because she found inconsistencies in the Jehovah’s Witness doctrine and had questions the elders couldn’t answer? Why was everyone ignoring and shunning her? Lost, hurt, lonely and confused, she struggled, “Where do I go? There is no other place for me to go!” Serving God alone was NOT an option! Finally, Betty turned to Jehovah and asked Him where He wanted her to go. It was then, with the conviction of the Holy Spirit and the help of loving Christian friends, that Jehovah led her to the real TRUTH – Jesus Himself.
“…we worship one God in Trinity, Trinity in Unity; Neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the Substance. For there is one Person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Ghost. But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is all one: the glory equal, the majesty coeternal. Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Ghost. The Father uncreate, the Son uncreate, and the Holy Ghost uncreate. The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible. The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Ghost eternal. And yet they are not three Eternals, but one Eternal….So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God. And yet they are not three Gods, but one God.” —Athanasian Creed
While the Watchtower Society admits that the doctrine of the Trinity “has been the central doctrine of the churches for centuries.”—Should You Believe in the Trinity, p. 3, they deny that it has any basis in the Bible. They argue: “Moses reminded the Israelites that ‘Jehovah our God is one Jehovah.’ (Deuteronomy 6:4) Jesus Christ repeated those words. (Mark 12:28-29) Therefore, those who accept the Bible as God’s Word do not worship a Trinity consisting of three persons or gods in one. In fact, the word ‘Trinity’ does not even appear in the Bible.”—KNOWLEDGE That Leads to Everlasting Life, p. 31 Continue reading “Is The Trinity A Biblical Concept?”
.:IS THE JEHOVAH’S WITNESS BIBLE, THE NEW WORLD TRANSLATION, A GOOD TRANSLATION?
It is a well-known fact that the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society religion of Jehovah’s Witnesses denies the Deity of Jesus Christ. To this end, when they produced their own translation of the Bible (The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures), they went to great lengths to make it appear that the Scriptures do not support the idea that Jesus Christ is God (Jehovah). In an attempt to shift the emphasis off of Jesus Christ as God, they inserted the derivation “Jehovah” (an adaptation from the original Hebrew “YHWH” for God’s Name) in place of theos (God) and Kurios (Lord) in multiple verses in the Christian Greek Scriptures (New Testament). Thus, they created a distinction between Jehovah God and Jesus Christ that is not warranted in the text. In addition to inserting God’s Name where it is not supported by the text, they have also mistranslated many verses that support the Deity of Jesus Christ to justify their own anti-Trinitarian dogma. The following list (prepared by Chris Stire of Life After Watchtower Support Ministries) provides a record of the verses where the Watchtower Society’s anti-Trinitarian bias can be seen in their New World Translation. We encourage readers to verify these errors with any Greek/English Interlinear, including the Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures published by the Watchtower Society. NOTE: All references to brackets in the list below are from the 1984 edition of the New World Translation because in 2006, the Watchtower Society updated their version of the New World Translation Bible to remove the brackets that they used to have around words that they inserted that are not found in the Greek text. Thus, all editions of the New World Translation except the ones between 1984 and 2006 have words deceptively added without the brackets to make it seem as if these words are found in the original Greek text even though they are not in the text. Continue reading “Jehovah’s Witness Bible Translation Examined”
The Watchtower Society teaches that Jesus existed as Michael the archangel prior to coming to earth and became Michael again at His resurrection. They claim that Jesus was only a man when He was on earth and when He died, the “man” Jesus ceased to exist,1. being raised as a “spirit creature” the archangel Michael:
“So the evidence indicates that the Son of God was known as Michael before he came to earth and is known also by that name since his return to heaven where he resides as the glorified spirit Son of God.”—Reasoning from the Scriptures, 1985, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, p. 218
In order to try to prove that Jesus is Michael the archangel, Jehovah’s Witnesses often point to passages like Daniel 10:13 where Michael is seen as ” one of the chief princes.” The fact that Michael is “one of the chief princes,” however, indicates that Michael is not unique. Jesus is more than just a “Prince” or “Ruler.” The Bible calls Jesus “King of Kings” and “Lord of Lords.” (Revelation 17:14; 19:16) This title indicates absolute sovereignty and authority and is a far cry from being “one of the chief princes” who is one among a group of equals.
1 Thessalonians 4:16 states, “For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet of God….” Jehovah’s Wittnesses use this verse to try to prove that Jesus is Michael the archangel because He comes “with the voice of the archangel.” However, the fact that Jesus is coming with the archangel’s voice doesn’t mean that He is the archangel. Notice that this verse also says that this verse also says that Jesus is coming with God’s trumpet, but one wouldn’t argue that Jesus is God simply because He is coming with God’s trumpet. In 2 Thessalonians 1:7, we read that “the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire.” Thus, it appears that Jesus will come with the archangel who issues the shout. In Zechariah 14:5-6, we read that Jehovah God “will come, and all the holy ones with Him! And it will come about in that day that there will be no light.” When one compares this passage of Jehovah’s coming with the coming of Christ as described in 2 Thessalonians 1:7 and Matthew 24:29-31, it is obvious that the Jehovah who is coming in Zechariah is the Jesus who is coming with “His angels” in Matthew 24 and 2 Thessalonians. Continue reading “Is Jesus Christ the archangel Michael?”
–Shining God’s Light on Jehovah’s Witness Beliefs
|– Reference Chart exposing the doctrinal errors of the Watchtower Society in parallel form by comparing Watchtower doctrine against the clear teachings of the Bible.|
THE DEITY OF JESUS CHRIST – A point-by-point response to the most common arguments Jehovah’s Witnesses pose against the Deity of Jesus Christ
SUMMARY OF CONTENTS:
1. DEFINING THE “TRINITY”
2. IS THE “TRINITY” DOCTRINE FROM PAGANISM?
3. THE ANTE-NICENE FATHERS AND THE TRINITY DOCTRINE
4. THE PERSON OF JESUS CHRIST – “Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man.”
5. THE PERSON OF JESUS CHRIST: “The Son is of the Father alone: not made, nor created, but begotten.…”
6. THE PERSON OF JESUS CHRIST: “Equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead: and inferior to the Father, as touching his Manhood.”
7. JESUS RECEIVES WORSHIP ALONG WITH THE FATHER
8. JESUS PLACES HIS NAME ON GOD’S HOLY SPIRIT
9. JESUS POSSESSES THE AUTHORITY TO FORGIVE SINS
10. JESUS POSSESSES THE AUTHORITY TO GIVE ETERNAL LIFE
11. JESUS IS THE GREAT GOD AND SAVIOR
12. JESUS IS THE ALMIGHTY JEHOVAH
Continue reading “The Deity of Jesus Christ”
Have you ever felt dismay after presenting the standard Biblical Scripture proof texts for the Deity of Jesus Christ and the Trinity, only to find your Jehovah’s Witness friend unconvinced? There are three reasons for this:
- MISCONCEPTIONS REGARDING THE TRINITY: Jehovah’s Witnesses have several misconceptions about what Christians believe regarding the Deity of Christ and the Triune God. We must address their misconceptions and deal with the verses they rely on to support their position, before they can adequately grasp the Biblical support we have for our position.
- FALSE AUTHORITY: Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that the leaders of their Watchtower organization are appointed by God to act as His supreme representatives on earth. In order to maintain good standing with the organization, they are required to accept, without question, all beliefs and policies presented by their leaders. So, when the plain reading of a Scripture passage contradicts a doctrinal belief held by their leaders, they will question their own ability to understand the meaning of that Scripture passage before they will question the belief itself. We must undercut their trust in their leaders before they will be free to accept the plain and simple interpretation of Scripture passages that differ from what they have been taught.
- SPIRITUAL BLINDNESS: Satan, “the god of this world,” has blinded the minds of Jehovah’s Witnesses so that they cannot see “Christ, who is the image of God” (2 Corinthians 4:4). We must remember that we are engaged in a spiritual battle for their minds and hearts. This battle transcends mere intellectual understanding. We must implore the Spirit of the Living God to free them so that they can say, “Jesus is indeed Lord, Jehovah!” (See 1 Corinthians 12:3).
The following steps will guide you to effectively present the Deity of Jesus Christ in terms your Jehovah’s Witness friend will be able to grasp. Although there is no guarantee that he or she will be convinced by the concepts we present here, in our ministry to Jehovah’s Witnesses, we have found these steps essential to breaking the faulty reasoning Jehovah’s Witnesses have embraced on these issues. Continue reading “How To Discuss The Deity Of Jesus Christ With Jehovah’s Witnesses – Chapter 11 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TO RESCUE YOUR LOVED ONE FROM JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES —How to Open the Closed Mind of a Jehovah’s Witness Friend or Relative
What You Need To Know To Reach Your Loved One
- Witnessing Tip: Build Rapport Before Expressing Criticism
- What To Do If Your Loved One Is Studying To Become A Jehovah’s Witness
- What To Do If Your Loved One Is A Convert To The Jehovah’s Witnesses
- What To Do If Your Loved One Was Raised As A Jehovah’s Witness
- What To Do If Your Loved One Wants To “Study” With You Or Invite His Friends From The Kingdom Hall To Join Your Discussions
- What To Do If Your Loved One Will Not Speak To You
- Witnessing Tip: Build Curiosity
A Step-by-Step Guide for Christians Witnessing to Jehovah’s Witnesses
WHO ARE JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES?
Jehovah’s Witnesses are known for their door-to-door proselytizing efforts and the Watchtower and Awake! magazines that they distribute to private homes, public facilities, and individuals on street corners. Although they claim strict adherence to the Bible and do not regard any other book as “Scripture,” they rely on their own version of the Bible called The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures and additional publications of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society that they use to interpret the Bible. While Jehovah’s Witnesses claim to be “Christians,” their true authority is the Watchtower organization that demands full devotion to its teachings and policies. Their denial of key Christian beliefs, such as the Trinity, heaven for all believers, hell fire for unbelievers, immortality of the soul, and the cross, has caused many Christian churches to denounce this group as a heretical movement. Likewise, counter-cult experts criticize this group for its prohibition against blood transfusions and critical literature, and its strict “shunning” policy against those who leave the group. 1.
Although every Jehovah’s Witness is expected to “publish” their message by consistently engaging in “field service” (proselytizing door-to door and conducting “bible studies” with potential converts), most spend between 10 to 70 hours per month in these activities depending upon the level of “publisher” they have committed to perform. Each month, they are expected to report their field service time and studies to the local Kingdom Hall (Jehovah’s Witness meeting place). Weekly meetings and semi-annual assemblies constantly emphasize the need to increase field service activity and to be faithful in meeting preparation and attendance.
A strong motivating factor for Jehovah’s Witnesses is the belief that at any time, Jehovah God will unleash His vengeance against wicked mankind through the prophesied “Battle of Armageddon” that will destroy earthly governments and establish the 1,000-year reign of Jesus Christ upon the earth. Jehovah’s Witnesses are told that when this battle occurs, Jehovah God will reward or condemn them based upon their faithfulness to perform consistent field service and their loyalty to the beliefs and practices of the Watchtower Society. Therefore, throughout the history of the organization, when false dates for the “end” of the world have been speculated, many lives of Jehovah’s Witnesses have been ruined because they sold their homes, gave up the pursuit of higher education, marriage and children in order to prepare for the end. While Jehovah’s Witnesses today still hold to the idea that Jehovah God will destroy this world at any time, they do not attach a date to this belief, but work to maintain a perpetual state of readiness for the “end” to come at any time. Continue reading “Questions to Ask Jehovah’s Witnesses When they Knock on Your Door”
CHAPTER 8: “WORSHIP GOD ON HIS TERMS”
- SHOULD WE WORSHIP JESUS?
- IS JESUS CHRIST THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL?
- TITLES AND ATTRIBUTES OF JEHOVAH APPLIED TO JESUS
“Therefore, if we want God’s approval, we need to ask ourselves: What does God say about himself? How does he want to be worshiped? What are his purposes, and how should we fit in with them? An accurate knowledge of the truth gives us the right answers to such questions. Then we can worship God on his terms.”—Should You Believe in the Trinity?, p. 30
CHAPTER 7: JESUS IS GOD!
- WHAT ABOUT TRINITY “PROOF TEXTS”?
- COMBATING THE HENOTHEISTIC BIAS OF JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES
- JOHN 10:30: “I and the Father Are One”
- JOHN 10:34: “…‘I said you are gods’?”
- JOHN 5:18: “Making Himself Equal To God”
- PHILIPPIANS 2:6: “Equal With God”
- JOHN 8:58: “I Am”
- JOHN 1:1: “The Word Was God”
- ISAIAH 9:6: Jesus is the “Everlasting Father”
- THE NEW TESTAMENT IN AN IMPROVED VERSION, Upon the Basis of Archbishop Newcome’s New Translation: With a Corrected Text, 1808: “…and the word was a god.”
- THE EMPHATIC DIAGLOTT, interlinear reading, by Benjamin Wilson
- THE JOURNAL OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE
- A MANUAL GRAMMAR OF THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENT
- JOSEPH HENRY THAYER
- DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, by John L. McKenzie
- THE NEW TESTAMENT by Johannes Greber translated with Spirit-Mediums
- 4 REASONS THE SOCIETY’S TRANSLATION OF JOHN 1:1 IS UNTENABLE
- THEOS = GOD OR “DIVINE QUALITY”?
- ARE THERE TWO “MIGHTY GODS”? Continue reading “Jesus is God! – Chapter 7 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”
- PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
- THE HOLY SPIRIT IS TREATED AS A PERSON
- MATTHEW 24:36 – THE HOLY SPIRIT DOES NOT KNOW…?
- THE HOLY SPIRIT INDWELLS BELIEVERS
- PERSONIFICATION AND THE HOLY SPIRIT
- THE HOLY SPIRIT – A NEUTER NOUN
- THE TRIUNE GOD
“THE Bible’s use of ‘holy spirit’ indicates that it is a controlled force…it can be likened to electricity, a force that can be adapted to perform a great variety of operations.…On one occasion the holy spirit appeared as a dove. On another occasion it appeared as tongues of fire—never as a person.…some Bible texts say that the spirit speaks.…The action of the spirit in such instances is like that of radio waves….”—Should You Believe in the Trinity?, pp. 20-22
We have already discussed how a personal being does not need to possess a physical body in order to qualify as a “person.” For example, Satan has never appeared in a physical body, yet even Jehovah’s Witnesses agree that this fact does not imply that he is not a personal being. Yet, the Watchtower Society asserts that the Holy Spirit “never” appears as a person in the Biblical text and discounts all of the personhood texts about the Holy Spirit by attributing the actions of the Holy Spirit seen in the text to being a mere force like “electricity” or “radio waves” and pointing to examples where the Spirit is described in non-personal ways such as the “tongues of fire” of Acts chapter two. Yet, simply because the Holy Spirit has appeared in forms other than that of a physical being, does not indicate that He is not a person. In fact, the opposite is true as we will see in the following Scripture texts where the Holy Spirit is described as possessing all of the qualifying attributes of personhood: Continue reading “The Holy Spirit — a Person or Force? – Chapter 6 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!”