“Worship God On His Terms” – Chapter 8 – Yes, You Should Believe in the Trinity!

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“Therefore, if we want God’s approval, we need to ask ourselves: What does God say about himself? How does he want to be worshiped? What are his purposes, and how should we fit in with them? An accurate knowledge of the truth gives us the right answers to such questions. Then we can worship God on his terms.”—Should You Believe in the Trinity?, p. 30

Another way Jesus indicated that He is God is by not rejecting worship that was rendered to Him. At Revelation 22:8-9 we read of an incident where John “fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. And he said to me, ‘Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book; worship God.’ ” If Jesus is merely a created being such as an angel, He would have rejected worship. (Exodus 34:14)

  • JOHN 5:23: “in order that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.”
  • HEBREWS 1:6: “And when He again brings the first-born into the world, He says, ‘And let all the angels of God worship Him.’ ”1.

At Hebrews 1:6, we read that angels are commanded to worship Christ. If Jesus were an angel, this would have amounted to nothing less than creature worship. Endeavoring to avoid the obvious condemnatory implication of this passage with the Watchtower teaching that Jesus is the archangel Michael, the Society cleverly distorted this passage in their New World Translation. At Hebrews 1:6 and many other passages where Jesus is said to receive “worship,”2. the current edition of the New World Translation renders proskuneo (the Greek word for “worship”) as “do obeisance to.” The Society argues that “obeisance” is not worship but is merely respectful honor that is rendered to Christ due to his position as Jehovah God’s representative. Is this a tenable argument? At Acts 10:25-26 in the New World Translation, we read of a incident where Peter rejected “obeisance” because he realized that it should be given only to God. Since Peter would not even accept “obeisance,” Jesus cannot be a created being, for He receives the same “worship” and “obeisance” that Jehovah God receives.

REVELATION 4:10-11: “the twenty-four elders will fall down before Him who sits on the throne, and will worship Him who lives forever and ever, and will cast their crowns before the throne, saying, ‘Worthy art Thou, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for Thou didst create all things, and because of Thy will they existed, and were created.’ ”
REVELATION 5:11-14: “And I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice, ‘Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing.’ And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, ‘To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.’ And the four living creatures kept saying, ‘Amen.’ And the elders fell down and worshiped.”

Since prayer is a form of worship, Jesus demonstrates that He is God by the fact that He not only accepts prayer, but He encourages His followers to pray to Him.

  • JOHN 14:14: “If you ask Me anything in My name, I will do it.” 3.
  • ACTS 7:59: “And they went on stoning Stephen as he called upon the Lord and said, ‘Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!’ ”
  • 2 CORINTHIANS 12:8-9: “Concerning this I entreated the Lord three times that it might depart from me. And He has said to me, ‘My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness.’ Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weakness, that the power of Christ may dwell in me.”
  • ACTS 22:16: “And now why do you delay? ‘Arise, and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling upon His name.’ ”
  • 1 CORINTHIANS 1:2, 9: “…to those who have been sanctified in Christ Jesus, saints by calling, with all who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours….you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.”

Not only did the martyr Steven call out to Jesus in prayer (Acts 7:59), but at 1 Corinthians 1:2, 9, Paul admonishes believers to not only “call upon” the name of Jesus in prayer, but to have “fellowship” with Him. If prayer should not be addressed to Jesus, as the Watchtower Society asserts,4. how can a person have “fellowship” with Christ? How can a person have “fellowship” with someone he never talks to? At John 14:14, Jesus encourages His disciples to call upon Him in prayer. In order to make this verse compatible with Watchtower doctrine, the Society cleverly left out the “Me” in their New World Translation. The deception of the Society’s New World Translation is readily seen when one compares this passage with the Society’s Greek-English interlinear translation.

JOHN 14:14: “If ever anything you should ask me in the name of me this I shall do.”
JOHN 14:14: “If You ask anything in my name, I will do it.”
“…do not mention the name of other gods, nor let them be heard from your mouth.”—Exodus 23:13


2 KINGS 17:35
“with whom the LORD made a covenant and commanded them, saying, ‘You shall not fear other gods, nor bow down yourselves to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them.’ ”
“knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance. It is the Lord Christ whom you serve.”


Although not directly stated in the Watchtower Society’s brochure on the Trinity, the Society officially teaches that Jesus Christ is the archangel Michael. Asserting that Jesus existed as Michael prior to coming to earth and that Jesus was “no more, no less” than a perfect man when He was on earth, they claim that at His death, the “man” Jesus ceased to exist,5. being raised as a “spirit creature”—the archangel Michael.6. Endeavoring to prove that Jesus is Michael, Jehovah’s Witnesses often point to passages like Daniel 10:13 where Michael is seen as “one of the chief princes.” The fact that Michael is “one of the chief princes,” however, indicates that Michael is not unique. Jesus is more than just a prince or ruler. The Bible calls Jesus “King of Kings” and “Lord of Lords.” (Revelation 17:14; 19:16) This title indicates absolute sovereignty and authority and is a far cry from being “one of the chief princes” who is one among a group of equals.

Daniel 10:5-9 describes the person who is speaking to Daniel as “a certain man dressed in linen.” Although it is not specifically stated in the text, when the description of this “man” in linen is compared with the description of Jesus Christ at Revelation 1:13-18, some people speculate that this person is Jesus Christ who is speaking to Daniel in this passage.  Verses 12-13 state that this man in linen (who may be Jesus Christ) needed the “help” of “Michael, one of the chief princes.”  Thus, one could ask the question that if Michael the archangel helped Jesus, how can Jesus be Michael?

DANIEL 10:5-6, 8-10, 12-13
“I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a certain man dressed in linen, whose waist was girded with a belt of pure gold of Uphaz. His body also was like beryl, his face had the appearance of lightning, his eyes were like flaming torches, his arms and feet like the gleam of polished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a tumult….no strength was left in me, for my natural color turned to a deathly pallor, and I retained no strength. But I heard the sound of his words; and as soon as I heard the sound of his words, I fell into a deep sleep on my face, with my face to the ground. Then behold, a hand touched me and set me trembling on my hands and knees….Then he said to me, ‘Do not be afraidI have come in response to your words. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia was withstanding me for twenty-one days; then behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me….’ ”
“and in the middle of the lampstands one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His breast with a golden girdle. And His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire; and His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been caused to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. And in His right hand He held seven stars; and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength. And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as a dead man. And He laid His right hand upon me, saying, ‘Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.’ ”

Of course, since Daniel doesn’t reveal the name of this man in linen, the idea that this person is Jesus Christ is a matter of pure speculation.  Those who contend that this man is not Jesus Christ would ask why Jesus, as God, needed Michael to “help” him.  Others who hold that this person is Jesus would reply that although Jesus does not need the “help” of His creatures, He chooses to accept this help to accomplish His own purposes, just as we know that Jesus will use the help of His heavenly army to defeat Satan and his followers at Revelation 19:14.  So, regardless of where you stand on this argument, we do know that nowhere in the Bible does it ever say that Jesus is Michael the Archangel.  In fact, there are other Scriptures that indicate a clear distinction between the person of Michael and that of Jesus Christ.  Note the following chart:

Has authority to rebuke Satan: Mark 8:33
Cannot rebuke Satan: Jude 9
Is exclusively God’s Son: Hebrews 1:5
Has an inferior name: Hebrews 1:4
Receives worship and God’s future Kingdom: Hebrews 1:6; Matthew 28:17-18
Rejects worship, not given God’s Kingdom: Revelation 22:8-9; Hebrews 2:5

1 Thessalonians 4:16 states, “For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet of God.…” Jehovah’s Witnesses use this verse to try to prove that Jesus is Michael the archangel because He comes “with the voice of the archangel.” However, the fact that Jesus is coming with the archangel’s voice doesn’t mean that He is an archangel. Notice that this verse also says that Jesus is coming with God’s trumpet, but one wouldn’t argue that Jesus is God simply because He is coming with God’s trumpet.

In 2 Thessalonians 1:7, we read that “the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire.…” Thus, it appears that Jesus will come with the archangel who issues the shout. In Zechariah 14:5-6, we read that Jehovah God “will come, and all the holy ones with Him! And it will come about in that day that there will be no light.” When one compares this passage of Jehovah’s coming with the coming of Christ as described in 2 Thessalonians 1:7 and Matthew 24:29-31, it is obvious that the Jehovah who is coming in Zechariah is the Jesus who is coming with “His angels” in Matthew 24 and 2 Thessalonians.

ZECHARIAH 14:3-6: “Then the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle. And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives….Then the LORD, my God, will come and all the holy ones with Him! And it will come about in that day that there will be no light; the luminaries will dwindle.”
MATTHEW 24:3, 29-31: “And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, ‘Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?’…’But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken, and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet….’ ”
ISAIAH 60:19-20: “No longer will you have the sun for light by day, Nor for brightness will the moon give you light; But you will have the LORD for an everlasting light, And your God for your glory. Your sun will set no more, Neither will your moon wane; For you will have the LORD for an everlasting light, And the days of your mourning will be finished.”
REVELATION 21:23, 25: “And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine upon it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb….And in the daytime (for there shall be no night there)….”
REVELATION 1:7-8: “Look! He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, and those who pierced him; and all the tribes of the earth will beat themselves in grief because of him. Yes, Amen. ‘I am the Al’pha and the O-me’ga,’ says Jehovah God, ‘the One who is and who was and who is coming, the Almighty.’ ”—New World Translation

REVELATION 22:12-13, 20: “ ‘Look! I am coming quickly, and the reward I give is with me, to render to each one as his work is. I am the Al’pha and the O-me’ga, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.’…He that bears witness of these things says, ‘Yes; I am coming quickly.’ ‘Amen! Come, Lord Jesus.’ ”—New World Translation

In order to try to prove that when Jesus was claiming to be the “Son of God,” He was claiming to be one of God’s angels, Jehovah’s Witnesses point to Job 38:7 where angels are called sons of God. However, Hebrews 1:5 states, “For to which of the angels did He ever say, ‘Thou art My Son, Today I have begotten Thee’? And again, ‘I will be a Father to Him and He shall be a Son to Me’?” Since the Bible doesn’t contradict itself, it is obvious that Jesus is called the “Son of God” in a different sense than angels are called God’s sons. Indeed, Jesus was never Michael the archangel before He came to earth, nor did He raise as “a spirit creature”—the archangel Michael. The Bible testifies: “For He did not subject to angels the world to come, concerning which we are speaking”—Hebrews 2:5


  • Jehovah knows “all things.” (1 John 3:20; Psalm 147:5) Jesus knows “all things.” (John 16:30)
  • Jehovah is the only one who knows the hearts of all men. (1 Kings 8:39; Jeremiah 17:9-10) Jesus knows the hearts of all men. (John 2:24-25; Rev. 2:18, 23)
  • Jehovah is our sanctifier. (Exodus 31:13) Jesus sanctifies us. (Hebrews 10:10)
  • Jehovah is our peace. (Judges 6:23) Jesus is our peace. (Ephesians 2:14)
  • Jehovah is our righteousness. (Jeremiah 23:6) Jesus is our righteousness. ( 1 Corinthians 1:30)
  • Jehovah is our healer. (Exodus 15:26) Jesus heals us. (Acts 9:34)
  • Jehovah God dwells in us. (2 Corinthians 6:16) Jesus is in us. (Romans 8:10)1.
  • Jehovah is the giver of life who will not allow His people to be “snatched” out of His hand. (Deuteronomy 32:39) Jesus is the giver of life who will not allow His people to be “snatched” out of His hand. (John 10:28)
  • Jehovah’s voice is “like the roar of rushing waters.” (Ezekiel 43:2) Jesus’ “voice was like the sound of rushing waters.” (Revelation 1:15)
  • Jehovah is present everywhere. (Proverbs 15:3; Jeremiah 23:24; I Kings 8:27) Jesus is omnipresent. (John 1:48; Matthew 18:20; 28:20)
  • Jehovah’s nature does not change. (Malachi 3:6) Jesus’ nature does not change. (Hebrews 13:8)2.
  • Jehovah is the only God we are to “serve.” (2 Kings 17:35) Jesus is to be served. (Col. 3:24)
  • Jehovah is the only God to be “worshipped.” (Exodus 34:14) Jesus receives the same honor and “worship” that the Father receives. (John 5:23; Revelation 5:11-14 compare with Rev. 4:10-11)3. No angel can receive “worship.” (Revelation 22:8-9)
  • Jehovah the Lord is to be set apart as holy. (Isaiah 8:12b-13) Jesus as Jehovah is to be set apart as holy. (1 Peter 3:14b-15a)4.
  • Jehovah’s glory is not to be given to another. (Isaiah 42:8) Jesus shares Jehovah’s glory. (Jn. 17:5)
  • God’s name is Jehovah (or Yahweh–YHWH). (Isaiah 42:8) Jesus has Jehovah’s name. (John 17:11; John 16:14-15)
  • Jehovah is the only God to be mentioned in prayer. (Exodus 23:13) Christians are to pray to Jesus. (John 14:14) 5.
  • Calling upon Jehovah (Joel 2:32) is the same as calling upon Jesus. (Acts 2:21; Romans 10:9-13)6.
  • Jehovah “the true God” is called “eternal life.” (1 John 5:20) Jesus is called “the eternal life.” (1 John 1:2)
  • Jehovah is the “mighty God.” (Jeremiah 32:17-18; Isaiah 10:20-21) Jesus is the “mighty God” (Isaiah 9:6) who is “Almighty.” (Revelation 1:7-8)7. THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD. (1 Timothy 1:17; Isaiah 44:8)
  • Jehovah is an “everlasting light.” (Psalm 27:1; Isaiah 60:19-20) Jesus is the light of men and the everlasting light of the future city. (John 1:4-9; Revelation 21:23)
  • Jehovah is “the first and the last.” (Isaiah 44:6; 48:12) Jesus is the “first and the last.” (Revelation 1:17-18; 22:12-13, 20)
  • Jehovah is the “Alpha and the Omega.” (Revelation 1:8; Revelation 21:6-7) Jesus is the “Alpha and the Omega.” (Revelation 22:12-13, 20)
  • Jehovah’s title is “the Holy One.” (Isaiah 47:4) Jesus is “the Holy One.” (Acts 3:14; John 6:69)
  • Jehovah is the “stumbling stone” of Israel. (Isaiah 8:13-15) Jesus is the “stumbling stone” of Israel. (1 Peter 2:6-8)
  • John the Baptist was to prepare the way for Jehovah. (Isaiah 40:3) The Jehovah who came was Jesus. (Mark 1:1-4; John 1:6-7, 23)
  • Jehovah is the one who was “pierced.” (Zechariah 12:10)8. Jesus is the pierced Jehovah. (John 19:34; Revelation 1:7-8)
  • The Jehovah who was sold for 30 pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:13) is Jesus. (Matthew 27:2-6)
  • Jehovah is Lord of the elements. (Psalm 89:8-9) Jesus is Lord of the elements. (Matthew 8:26-27; John 2:7-9)
  • Jehovah is Lord of the Sabbath. (Exodus 20:10)  Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath. (Mark 2:28)
  • Jehovah is the great Judge who gives life to whom he wishes and who renders to each man “according” to his “deeds.” (Psalm 98:9; Deuteronomy 32:39; Jeremiah 17:9-10) Jesus is the only judge who gives life to whom he wishes and renders to each man “according” to his “deeds.” (John 5:21-22; Revelation 2:18, 23)
  • Jehovah is the only one who can forgive sins. (Mark 2:7; Daniel 9:9) Jesus forgives sins. (Mark 2:10-11; Luke 24:46-47)
  • Jehovah is the great “shepherd” who leads his people to “the spring of the water of life.” (Psalm 23:1-2; Revelation 21:6-7) Jesus as the “shepherd” of His people, leads them “to springs of the water of life.” (John 10:11-18; Revelation 7:17) THERE IS ONLY ONE SHEPHERD— John 10:16.
  • Jehovah is “Lord of Lords.” (Deuteronomy 10:17) Jesus is “Lord of Lords.” (Revelation 17:14; 19:16) The Father is Lord of all. (Matthew 11:25; Acts 17:24) Jesus is “Lord of all.” (Acts 10:36) THERE IS ONLY ONE LORD. (Jude 4)
  • Jehovah is the Savior. (Isaiah 45:21-22) Jesus is the Savior. (Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1) THERE IS ONLY ONE SAVIOR. (Isaiah 43:11)
  • Jehovah created the universe. (Psalm 102:25-27) Jesus created the universe. (John 1:3; Colossians 1:15-19;9. Hebrews 1:10-12).10. THERE IS ONLY ONE CREATOR. (Isaiah 44:24)
  • Isaiah saw Jehovah. (Isaiah 6:1-5) The Jehovah that Isaiah saw was Jesus. (John 12:41)

Could it be that Jehovah gave Jesus all these qualities, and therefore, Jesus is a “lesser God” under Jehovah? No! For Jehovah declares:

“For I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me.”—Isaiah 46:9


“Be very careful to be accurate in all statements you make. Use evidence honestly. In quotations, do not twist the meaning of a writer or speaker or use only partial quotations to give a different thought than the person intended.…Avoid the pitfalls of improper argumentation….When you make references to the Scriptures or to any other authority, be definite. And use reliable, capable authority….Quoting from official publications of an organization to show what they believe is good. Also one wants to use evidence from an authority that the hearers will accept.”—Qualified to Be Ministers, 1955, Watchtower Bible And Tract Society, p. 199

“We should want to speak the truth and be absolutely accurate in every detail at all times. This should be so not only as regards doctrine but also in our quotations, what we say about others or how we represent them.…Wrong statements delivered to an audience may be repeated and the error magnified. Inaccuracies that are recognized by an audience raise questions as to the authority of the speaker on other points, perhaps even calling in question the truth of the message itself.”—Theocratic Ministry School Guidebook, 1992, p. 110

“Knowing these things, what will you do? It is obvious that the true God, who is himself ‘the God of truth’ and who hates lies, will not look with favor on persons who cling to organizations that teach falsehood. (Psalm 31:5; Proverbs 6:16-19; Revelation 21:8) And, really, would you want to be even associated with a religion that had not been honest with you?”—Is This Life All There Is?, 1974, Watchtower Bible And Tract Society, p. 46

“But he that boasts, let him boast in Jehovah.”—New World Translation
“For we are those…who are rendering sacred service…and have our boasting in Christ Jesus.…” —New World Translation




1. Like many other Watchtower doctrines, the Society’s position on this important doctrine has also changed over the years. Originally they taught that Christ should receive worship. This teaching was reflected in the editions of the New World Translation prior to 1971. Since 1971, however, the Society no longer renders proskuneo as “worship” when it is used of Christ. The only exception to this is found at Revelation 5:14 where the New World Translation describes an incident in which both Jesus and the Father receive “worship.”
2. See Matthew 2:11; 14:33; 28:9, 17; John 9:38
3. Note there is a textual variance in the manuscripts of this passage. Some manuscripts do not have the “me” in this passage (like the KJV and NKJV Bibles), however the oldest and best Greek manuscripts that we have available today (including Papyrus 66 –the oldest manuscript of the book of John at about 125C.E. and the Society’s manuscript of the Westcott and Hort manuscripts—Codex Siniaticus and Vaticanus) contain the “me.”
4. Insight on the Scriptures, vol. 2, 1998, p. 667
5. The Atonement Between God and Man, Studies in the Scriptures, vol. 5, p. 454
6. See Reasoning from the Scriptures, p. 218


1. Every place where Jesus is said to dwell “in” someone, the Watchtower Society’s New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures mistranslates it to read “Christ is in union with you.” However, note that the correct translation of “in you” can be found in Romans 8:10 of the Society’s Greek/English Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures.
2. In the incarnation, Jesus took on an addition nature —  a human nature (John 1:14; Philippians 2:7-8), but he still possessed and continues to posses God’s nature (Philippians 2:6) “For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form.” — Colossians 2:9
3. Also Compare Isaiah 45:23 with Philippians 2:10-11.
4. Compare the Hebrew Scripture Greek Septuagint’s rendering of Isaiah 8:12-13 with 1 Peter 3:14-15. Peter quotes this passage of Jehovah and applies it directly to Jesus.
5. The Society’s New World Translation mistranslates this verse to read “ask anything” rather than “ask me anything.” Note the correct rendering can be found under John 14:14 in the Society’s Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures.
6. The New World Translation inserts the word “Jehovah” for “Lord” 237 times into their Christian Scriptures without the support of a single Greek manuscript of the Christian Scriptures. This is the case with Acts 2:21 and Romans 10:13. Note, however, the correct translation of “Lord” can be found in the Society’s Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures.
7. The Society translates “Lord God” in Rev. 1:8 as “Jehovah God.” Notice that in this verse, Jehovah the Lord is called “Alpha and Omega.” At Revelation 22:12-13, 20, Jesus is called the “Alpha and Omega,” therefore, Jesus is the “Almighty” God of Revelation 1:8.
8. While the best Hebrew manuscripts available render Zechariah 12:10 as, “look upon Me whom they have pierced,” the New World Translation mistranslates it to read, “look to the One whom they have pierced.”
9. In this passage of Colossians, the New World Translation, adds the word “other” four times against all Greek manuscripts available. Note the correct translation of this passage can be found in the Society’s Kingdom Interlinear Translation.
10. Paul quotes Psalm 102:25-27 which speaks of Jehovah and applies this passage directly to Christ in Hebrews 1:10-12.

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